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The Association for Financial Markets in Europe (AFME), a prominent European trade body, has expressed concerns over the exclusion of decentralized finance (DeFi) from the upcoming Markets in Crypto Assets (MiCA) regulation introduced by the European Union. 

In a letter addressed to the EU, the AFME warned that this exclusion could pose unintended risks to financial stability.

This article explores the reasons behind AFME’s caution and the potential consequences of incorporating MiCA regulation into the decentralized ecosystem.


The AFME, an industry advocacy group representing wholesale market participants in Europe, is urging for the inclusion of DeFi within the MiCA regulations. 

The association highlights the need for a comprehensive taxonomy and flexible regulatory framework that accommodates the various levels of centralization observed in the DeFi sector. 

By excluding DeFi from regulation, the EU risks overlooking potential risks to financial market stability, according to AFME.

The AFME’s letter emphasized the importance of actively monitoring and managing the overlap between DeFi and Traditional Finance (TradFi) to prevent any significant disruptions. 

While the Financial Stability Board (FSB) currently recognizes the limited intersection between DeFi and TradFi, the AFME believes that ongoing vigilance is necessary.


In its paper addressed to the European Council, the AFME presented suggestions for addressing DeFi within the regulatory framework. 

The trade body called for the development of a comprehensive taxonomy specifically tailored to DeFi activities and digital assets. 

This taxonomy should be based on a risk-based approach, enabling regulators to differentiate between different types of DeFi platforms and their associated risks.

To effectively govern a decentralized ecosystem like DeFi, the AFME proposed the establishment of a consistent regulatory framework.

Recognizing the varying levels of centralization within DeFi platforms, the trade body advocates for flexibility in regulation, ensuring that different models can coexist and innovate while still adhering to regulatory standards.


The involvement of MiCA regulation in the DeFi sector raises concerns about the impact on decentralization. DeFi has emerged as a disruptive force, offering decentralized financial services and empowering individuals to have greater control over their assets. 

If DeFi were subject to heavy regulation, its fundamental principles of openness, transparency, and peer-to-peer interactions could be compromised.

While regulation plays a vital role in safeguarding investor interests and mitigating risks, it is essential to strike a balance that preserves the decentralized nature of DeFi.

Excessive regulation may stifle innovation, discourage participation, and hinder the potential benefits that DeFi can bring to financial systems.


The Association for Financial Markets in Europe (AFME) has issued a cautionary statement regarding the exclusion of DeFi from the MiCA regulation proposed by the European Union. 

The AFME’s concerns highlight the potential risks to financial stability and emphasize the need for a comprehensive taxonomy and a flexible regulatory framework that accommodates the decentralized nature of DeFi. 

As the EU moves forward with MiCA, it must carefully consider the impact on decentralization and strike a balance that fosters innovation while protecting investors and the stability of financial markets.